Children's handbook Scotland
Children’s Handbook Scotland
Non-means-tested benefit ...
|Disability living allowance|
|Employment and support allowance (contributory)|
|Basic allowance (under 25)||57.90|
Basic allowance (25 or over)
|Basic allowance (16 or over)||73.10|
|Work-related activity component||29.05|
|Jobseeker's allowance (contribution-based)|
|25 or over||73.10|
|Personal independence payment|
|Daily living component|
|Statutory adoption pay (standard rate)||145.18|
|Statutory paternity pay (maximum)||145.18|
|Statutory shared parental pay (maximum)||145.18|
|Child tax credit||£ per day||£ per year|
|Disabled child element||8.98||3,275|
|Severely disabled child element||
|Working tax credit|
|Lone parent element||5.51||2,010|
|Disabled worker element||8.47||3,090|
|Severe disability element||3.65||1,330|
|70% eligible childcare costs to a weekly maximum of:|
|One child||70% of 175|
|Two or more children||70% of 300|
|Working tax credit only or with child tax credit||6,420|
|Child tax credit only||16,105|
This chapter covers:
1. Introduction (below)
2. Attendance allowance ()
3. Carer's allowance ()
4. Child benefit ()
5. Council tax reduction ()
6. Disability living allowance ()
7. Employment and support allowance ()
8. Guardian's allowance ()
9. Health benefits ()
10. Housing benefit ()
11. Income support ()
12. Jobseeker's allowance ()
13. Pension credit ()
14. Personal independence payment ()
15. The Scottish Welfare Fund ()
16. The social fund ()
17. Statutory adoption pay ()
18. Tax credits ()
19. Universal credit ()
This chapter gives an outline of the basic conditions of entitlement for the main benefits and tax credits which may be relevant to the situations covered in this Handbook. Other chapters look at how benefits and tax credits are affected when a child comes to live with you, goes to live elsewhere or leaves local authority care.
To check your entitlement, first use the chapter covering the circumstances that apply to you. This explains the specific rules that apply to benefits and tax credits in your circumstances. Then use this chapter for an outline of the general conditions of entitlement that apply to everyone. If you need more details, see CPAG’s Welfare Benefits and Tax Credits Handbook. Chapter 2 explains how to claim benefits and tax credits, how to challenge a decision if you disagree with it and how to make a complaint.
In the future, under the Social Security (Scotland) Act 2018, the rules on some benefits (eg, disability benefits and carer's allowance) will be different as responsibility for them is devolved to the Scottish parliament.
There is a 'cap' on the total amount of benefits and tax credits you can receive, although some claimants are exempt. If the total amount of your benefit is capped, the cap is applied by either reducing the amount of your universal credit (UC) or by reducing the amount of your housing benefit (HB). The cap does not apply to people who have reached the qualifying age for state pension credit (see ) and there are a number of other situations in which it does not apply – eg, if you or someone in your household gets a disability benefit, or if you or your partner get carer's allowance or guardian's allowance.
If you are getting UC, the cap is set at £1,116.67 (£1,284.17 if in Greater London) a month for single people with no children and £1,666.67 (£1,916.67 if in Greater London) a month for couples and lone parents.
If you are getting HB, the cap is set at £257.69 (£296.35 if in Greater London) a week for single people with no dependent children and £384.62 (£442.31 if in Greater London) a week for couples and lone parents.
Attendance allowance (AA) is a benefit for people who have reached pension age and who have care needs because of a disability. AA is not means tested and you do not have to have paid any national insurance contributions to get it.
The Department for Work and Pensions is responsible for the administration of AA.
You qualify for AA if you:
have reached pension age when you first claim. At the time of writing, this means you must be aged 65 or over. Your pension age will be after you turn 65 if you were born on or after 6 December 1953 (ie, if you reach 65 on or after 6 December 2018) and it is due to rise to 66 by September 2020. People aged between 16 and pension age may be able to claim personal independence payment (see ) and children aged under 16 may be able to claim disability living allowance (DLA – see ); and
satisfy certain UK residence and presence conditions and are not a 'person subject to immigration control'. See CPAG’s Welfare Benefits and Tax Credits Handbook for details; and
satisfy the disability test (see ); and
have satisfied the disability test for the last six months (unless you are terminally ill).
You get either a lower or a higher rate of AA. The disability conditions for the lower rate are the same as for the middle rate care component of DLA (see ). The conditions for the higher rate are the same as for the highest rate care component of DLA (see ).
-Carer’s allowance (CA) is a benefit for people who spend at least 35 hours a week looking after a disabled adult or disabled child. You do not have to have paid any national insurance contributions to get CA.
The Department for Work and Pensions is responsible for the administration of CA.
CA will transfer to the Scottish Government. Before then, you get a carer's allowance supplement if you get CA and you live in Scotland (see ).
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